The Hoy/Hoey family in the Irish Annals

The Irish Annals were a set of documents written in Monasteries throughout Ireland starting around 600 AD. Like the Bible, the oldest versions are lost, but we have copies made for a period of 1,000 years until the last and most complete was finished in 1636. Before, and even after that, many of the copies were destroyed due to the occupation of the country by foreigners.

This page is a collection of the entries that refer to the surname Hoy in its various forms which changed through time. The earliest is for the year 1019 and the last for 1208. Before that, the surname did not exist, but the genealogy of the family is well documented and it is these men who are recorded in the Annals.

The death of Muireadhach in 489 is considered the first reliable event, but not the date. Saint Patrick lived with him and later with his sons Eochaidh and Cairell.

The earliest spelling of the surname is Ua hEochadha where Ua means 'descendant of'. Eochadha and later Eochaidh (Owey) were a popular a king's names (our Eochaidh died in 1004) meaning Steedlike. "The genealogy of all the Dál Fiatach is filled with the name Eochu (Horse-God or Horse-Like), and its modern form (Eochaidh)" - from IrishTribes.com. Eochu is cognate with the latin word for horse, equus.

In the census of 1651, O'Hoy is listed as a principle surname in mid-Louth, while in late 18th century baptisms, it is always written Hoy. Starting after 1800, it came to be written Hoey which is now the most common in Ireland.

There are eight Annals listed here. For all of them, the earlier the date, the more accurate the entry. The entries before the time of Christ were attempts by the monks to join Irish history with Jewish and Greek history and cannot be taken as true, but may have some worth.

SourceYearText
ulster855Aed son of Niall made a foray against the Ulaid, and he left behind dead Coinnecán son of Colmán and Flaithbertach son of Niall, and a large number besides U857.3 Matudán son of Muiredach, king of Ulaid, dies U864.3 Aed son of Niall and Flann son of Conaing gained a great victory over Ainbíth son of Aed and the Ulaid in the territory of the descendants of Conall the Craftsman.
chroniconscotorum857Matudán son of Muiredach, king of Ulaid, dies.
fragments857Kl. Matudán son of Muiredach, king of Ulaid, died in orders
chroniconscotorum864Aed son of Niall and Flann son of Conaing gained.a great victory over Ainbíth son of Aed and the Ulaid in the territory of the descendants of Conall the Craftsman.
chroniconscotorum871Cathalán son of Indrechtach, one of two kings of Ulaid, was treacherously killed at the instigation of Aed.
ulster871Cathalán son of Indrechtach, one of two kings of Ulaid, was deceitfully killed at the instigation of Aed.
chroniconscotorum882A battle bctween the Conaille of Muirtheimne and the Ulaid in which fell Ainfíth son of Aed king of Ulaid, and Conall son of Mael Dúin, king of Cuib, and others.
ulster882A skirmish between the Conaille of Muirtheimne and the Ulaid, in which fell Ainfíth son of Aed king of Ulaid, and Conallán son of Mael Dúin, king of Cuib, and other nobles. The Conaille were victors.
chroniconscotorum883Eochucán son of Aed, one of two kings of Ulaid, was killed by the sons of Ainfíth son of Aed.
ulster883Eochucán son of Aed, one of two kings of Ulaid, was killed by the sons of Ainfíth son of Aed.
chroniconscotorum886Eiremón son of Aed, one of two kings of Ulaid, was killed by Eolóir son of Iargni. Fiachna son of Ainfíth, king of Ulaid was killed by his own people.
inisfallen886Kl. Death of Uromun son of Aed, king of Ulaid.
ulster886Éiremón son of Aed, one of two kings of Ulaid, was killed by Eolóir son of Iergne.
ulster886Fiachna son of Ainfíth, king of Ulaid, was killed by his associates.
chroniconscotorum893A disturbance in Ard Macha at Whitsun 27 May between the Cenél Eógain and the Ulaid, in which many fell, i.e. between Aitid son of Laigne and Flaithbertach son of Murchad, until Mael Brigte separated them. Mael Brigte thereafter received his own award and
ulster893A disturbance in Ard Macha at Whitsun between the Cenél Eógain and the Ulaid, in which many fell.
chroniconscotorum895Muiredach son of Eochucán, one of two kings of Ulaid, was killed by Aitéid son of Laigne.
ulster895Muiredach son of Eochucán, one of two kings of Ulaid, was killed by Aidíth son of Laigne.
ulster896Mael Mochéirge son of Indrechtach, one of two kings of Ulaid, was killed by his associates
ulster896Cumuscach son of Muiredach, king of the people of Ard Cianachta, was killed by the Ulaid.

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