The Hoy/Hoey family in the Irish Annals

The Irish Annals were a set of documents written in Monasteries throughout Ireland starting around 600 AD. Like the Bible, the oldest versions are lost, but we have copies made for a period of 1,000 years until the last and most complete was finished in 1636. Before, and even after that, many of the copies were destroyed due to the occupation of the country by foreigners.

This page is a collection of the entries that refer to the surname Hoy in its various forms which changed through time. The earliest is for the year 1019 and the last for 1208. Before that, the surname did not exist, but the genealogy of the family is well documented and it is these men who are recorded in the Annals.

The death of Muireadhach in 489 is considered the first reliable event, but not the date. Saint Patrick lived with him and later with his sons Eochaidh and Cairell.

The earliest spelling of the surname is Ua hEochadha where Ua means 'descendant of'. Eochadha and later Eochaidh (Owey) were a popular a king's names (our Eochaidh died in 1004) meaning Steedlike. "The genealogy of all the Dál Fiatach is filled with the name Eochu (Horse-God or Horse-Like), and its modern form (Eochaidh)" - from IrishTribes.com. Eochu is cognate with the latin word for horse, equus.

In the census of 1651, O'Hoy is listed as a principle surname in mid-Louth, while in late 18th century baptisms, it is always written Hoy. Starting after 1800, it came to be written Hoey which is now the most common in Ireland.

There are eight Annals listed here. For all of them, the earlier the date, the more accurate the entry. The entries before the time of Christ were attempts by the monks to join Irish history with Jewish and Greek history and cannot be taken as true, but may have some worth.

SourceYearText
chroniconscotorum637The battle of Mag Roth won by Domnall son of Aed and the sons of Aed Sláine but Domnall son of Aed ruled Temair at that time, in which fell Conall Caech king of Ulaid and Faelchú son of Airmedach king of Mide in a counterattack, with many nobles. The batt
tigernach639The battle of Moira gained by Domhnall son of Aodh and by the sons of Aodh Sláine—but Domhnall ruled Temoria at that time—in which fell Congal Caoch king of the Ulaid and Faolchú with many nobles, among whom fell Suibhne son of Colmán Cuar.
chroniconscotorum647Mael Cobo son of Fiachna, was killed, i.e. the king of Ulaid, by Congal Cennfada son of Dúnchad.
ulster647Mael Cobo son of Fiachna, king of Ulaid, was killed.
tigernach648Maol Cobha son of Fiachna, kign of Ulster, was killed by Congal Cennfhada son of Dunchadh. and his colour was like Unto the cloak �. To Dunchadh.
ulster665Blamac of Tethba, Aengus of Ulaid, Manchán of Liath, bishops and abbots, and innumerable others, died.
chroniconscotorum666The battle of Fertas between the Ulaid and the Cruithin, in which fell Cathasach son of Luircéne.
tigernach666The battle of Belfast between the Ulaid and the Picts, in which fell Cathasach son of Luirchine.
fragments668The battle of Fertas between the Ulaid and the Cruithne, in which Cathassach son of Luirgne fell.
ulster668The battle of Fertas between the Ulaid and the Cruithin, in which Cathusach son of Luirgéne fell.
fragments670Kl. The death of Blathmac son of Máel Coba, king of Ulaid.
chroniconscotorum673The killing of Congal Cennfhata son of Dúnchad, king of Ulaid. Béc of Bairche killed him.
fragments674Kl. The slaying of Congal Cendfhota son of Dúnchad, king of Ulaid. Bécc Bairche killed him
tigernach674The slaying of Congal Longhead son of Dunchadh, king of Ulster, by Bécc Boirche, son of Blaithmec.
ulster674The killing of Congal Cennfhatar son of Dúnchad, king of Ulaid. Béc of Bairche killed him.
ulster679Domnall son of Suibne dies among the Ulaid.
ulster691The Dál Riata despoiled the Cruithin and the Ulaid.
fragments692Fergus son of Áedán, king of the Province Ulaid, died.
fragments697The Britons and the Ulaid plundered Mag Muirtheimne.
tigernach697Britons and Ulstermen laid waste the field of Murthemne.

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