The Hoy/Hoey family in the Irish Annals

The Irish Annals were a set of documents written in Monasteries throughout Ireland starting around 600 AD. Like the Bible, the oldest versions are lost, but we have copies made for a period of 1,000 years until the last and most complete was finished in 1636. Before, and even after that, many of the copies were destroyed due to the occupation of the country by foreigners.

This page is a collection of the entries that refer to the surname Hoy in its various forms which changed through time. The earliest is for the year 1019 and the last for 1208. Before that, the surname did not exist, but the genealogy of the family is well documented and it is these men who are recorded in the Annals.

The death of Muireadhach in 489 is considered the first reliable event, but not the date. Saint Patrick lived with him and later with his sons Eochaidh and Cairell.

The earliest spelling of the surname is Ua hEochadha where Ua means 'descendant of'. Eochadha and later Eochaidh (Owey) were a popular a king's names (our Eochaidh died in 1004) meaning Steedlike. "The genealogy of all the Dál Fiatach is filled with the name Eochu (Horse-God or Horse-Like), and its modern form (Eochaidh)" - from Eochu is cognate with the latin word for horse, equus.

In the census of 1651, O'Hoy is listed as a principle surname in mid-Louth, while in late 18th century baptisms, it is always written Hoy. Starting after 1800, it came to be written Hoey which is now the most common in Ireland.

There are eight Annals listed here. For all of them, the earlier the date, the more accurate the entry. The entries before the time of Christ were attempts by the monks to join Irish history with Jewish and Greek history and cannot be taken as true, but may have some worth.

tigernach1178A battle between the Foreigners and the Ulaid and the men of Oriel at Newry, and the Foreigners were routed, and 450 of them fell there, and a hundred Gaels in the counterflow of that battle, including Ó hAinbith, king of Uí Méith, Murchadh Ó Cearbhaill, king of Oriel, and Ruaidhrí son of Donnsléibhe Ó hEochadha were victors.
tigernach1178The Foreigners who dwelt in Downpatrick were exterminated by the kindred of Eoghan and by the Ulaid and the men of Oriel, through the miracles of Ss Patrick, Columcill and Brénainn.
ulster1178It is in that year likewise went John [De Courcy], with his knights, pillaging from Dun to the Plain of Conaille, so that they took many preys therein and were a night in camp in Glenn-righi. Howbeit, Murchadh Ua Cerbaill, king of Airgialla, and Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha], king of Ulidia, with the Ulidians came up with them that night and made an onset upon them. Thereupon defeat was inflicted upon the Foreigners and stark slaughter was put upon them. The same John, notwithstanding, went for preys into Dal-Araidhe and into Ui-Tuirtri. But Cu-Midhe Ua Flainn, king of Ui-Tuirtri and Fir-Li, made an onset upon theme. That battle also went against the Foreigners and slaughter of them was inflicted.
ulster1178(The attack of Cualnge [was gained] by Ulidians and by Foreigners over John De Courcy.
mccarthy1179Ulaidh was laid waste, both church and lay property, by John de Courcy and the Irish who were along with him.
mccarthy1179Ruaidhrí Mac Duinn Shléibhe, king of Ulaidh, in exile in Tír Eóghain.
fourmasters1181Donnell, the son of Hugh Mac Loughlin, and the Kinel-Owen of Tullaghoge, made an incursion into Ulidia, and defeated the Ulidians, the Hy-Tuirtre, and the Firlee, together with Rory Mac Donslevy, and Cumee O'Flynn.
ulster1181A hosting by Domnall, son of Aedh Ua Lochlainn and by the Cenel-Eogain of Telach-oc into Ulidia and they gained a battle over the Ulidians and over Ui-Tuirtri and over Fir-Li, around Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] and around Cu-Midhe Ua Flainn.
mccarthy1182A.D. 1182. A defeat of the Ulaidh, under Ruaidhrí Mac Duinn Shléibhe, by Domhnall Ó Maoil Sheachlainn, king of Cinéal Eóghain.
fourmasters1189Alas for the party who plotted this conspiracy against the life of the heir presumptive to the throne of Ireland! To him the greater part of Leth-Mhogha had submitted as king. Donnell O'Brien had gone to his house at Dunlo, where he was entertained for a
mccarthy1192Conchobhar son of Maghnus Mac Duinn Shléibhe, king of Ulaidh, was killed at Armagh by Ardghal Ó hAnluain, king of Uí Nialláin.
mccarthy1196The churches of Tír Eóghain were plundered and laid waste by Ruaidhrí Mac Duinn Shléibhe, king of Ulaidh. The churches of Domhnach Mór, the refectory of Cruimthear Coluim, the church of Doire Loráin, and Tearmann Comáin were plundered, and the church of Díseart Dá Chríoch was burned.
mccarthy1196Defeat and slaughter [were inflicted] by Cinéal Eóghain and the Oirthir on Ruaidhrí Mac Duinn Shléibhe, king of Ulaidh, near Armagh.
mccarthy1200A foray by Ruaidhrí [Mac Duinn Shléibhe] with the Galls of Ardee against Armagh. He made another foray against Inis Caoin Deagha Mic Cairill and plundered the town and its church.
mccarthy1201Ruaidhrí Mac Duinn Shléibhe, late king of Ulaidh, was killed by a few of the followers of John de Courcy.
ulster1201Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochada], king of Ulidia and candle of championship of all Ireland, was killed by the Foreigners, to wit, through the miracles of Paul and Peter and Patrick whom he dishonoured.

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