The Irish Annals were a set of documents written in Monasteries throughout Ireland starting around 600 AD. Like the Bible, the oldest versions are lost, but we have copies made for a period of 1,000 years until the last and most complete was finished in 1636. Before, and even after that, many of the copies were destroyed due to the occupation of the country by foreigners.
This page is a collection of the entries that refer to the surname Hoy in its various forms which changed through time. The earliest is for the year 1019 and the last for 1208. Before that, the surname did not exist, but the genealogy of the family is well documented and it is these men who are recorded in the Annals.
The death of Muireadhach in 489 is considered the first reliable event, but not the date. Saint Patrick lived with him and later with his sons Eochaidh and Cairell.
The earliest spelling of the surname is Ua hEochadha where Ua means 'descendant of'. Eochadha and later Eochaidh (Owey) were a popular a king's names (our Eochaidh died in 1004) meaning Steedlike. "The genealogy of all the Dál Fiatach is filled with the name Eochu (Horse-God or Horse-Like), and its modern form (Eochaidh)" - from IrishTribes.com. Eochu is cognate with the latin word for horse, equus.
In the census of 1651, O'Hoy is listed as a principle surname in mid-Louth, while in late 18th century baptisms, it is always written Hoy. Starting after 1800, it came to be written Hoey which is now the most common in Ireland.
There are eight Annals listed here. For all of them, the earlier the date, the more accurate the entry. The entries before the time of Christ were attempts by the monks to join Irish history with Jewish and Greek history and cannot be taken as true, but may have some worth.
|ulster||697||Britons and Ulaid wasted Mag Muirtheimne.|
|chroniconscotorum||703||The battle of Mag Cuillinn in Ard Ua nEchdach, between the Ulaid and the Britons, in which Radgann's son, an enemy of God's churches, fell. The Ulaid were victors.|
|fragments||703||The battle of Mag Cuilinn between the Ulaid and Britons in Ard Úa Echdach, in which the son of Radgund, enemy of God's Church, fell. The Ulaid were the victors.|
|tigernach||703||The battle of Magh Cuilinn in Aird Ua nEachach between the Ulstermen and Britons, in which fell the son of Radhgann, the adversory of the churches of God. The Ulstermen were victors.|
|ulster||703||The battle of Mag Cuilinn in Ard Ua nEchdach between the Ulaid and the Britons, in which Radgann's son, an enemy of God's churches, fell. The Ulaid were victors.|
|tigernach||712||The Ulaid were prostrate, where Dubhthach son of Becc Boirche lay dead.|
|ulster||712||The Ulaid were overthrown and Dubthach son of Béc of Bairche fell therein.|
|tigernach||725||Flight of the Ulaid before Cinaeth son of Irgalach.|
|fragments||735||Áed A1láin defeated the Ulaid in a battle in which Áed Rán, king of the Ulaid, and Conchad, king of the Cruithne, fell, at Fochart Muirtheimne; Áed Rón's thumb is in the church at Fochart.|
|tigernach||735||The battle of Faughard in the regions of Murthemne, between the race of Niall and the Ulaid, wherein Aodh Roin—he was taken into the oratory of Faughard to be killed—and Conchad son of Cuana king of Coba fell. Aodh Allan son of Fergal was victor.|
|ulster||735||A battle in the territory of Muirtheimne between the Uí Néill and the Ulaid, in which Aed Rón, king of Ulaid, and Conchad son of Cuanu, king of Cuib, fell. Aed son of Fergal was victor.|
|tigernach||744||A strange sign was manifested in Boirche, in the time of Fiachna son of Aedh Ron, king of the Ulaid, and in the time of Eochaidh son of Bresal king of the Uí Echach, to wit, a whale which the sea cast to land with three golden teeth in its head and fifty ounces in each of these teeth, and one of the teeth was taken, and remained on the altar of Bennchor for a long time.|
|tigernach||747||The death of Muredach the Fair, king of the Uí Méith, in Cúil Cumaisc, by the Ulaid.|
|ulster||753||A whale was cast ashore in Bairche in the time of Fiachna son of Aed Rón, king of Ulaid. It had three gold teeth in its head, each containing fifty ounces, and one of them was placed on the altar of Bennchor this year, that is, in AD 752.|
|inisfallen||759||Kl. A battle between the Uí Néill and the Ulaid at Emain Macha, in which Dúngal, grandson of Conaing, ... fell. Fiachra, king of Ulaid, was victor.|
|tigernach||759||The battle of Emain Macha between the Ulaid and the Uí Néill, with Airechtach the priest of Armagh pushing in discord with the abbot of Fer da Crich, where Dungal grandson of Conaing and Donn Bó were killed. Fiachna son of Aodh Róin was victor.|
|tigernach||761||Battle of Áth duma between the Ulaid and the Uí Echach, in which fell Ailill son of Fedlimid.|
|ulster||761||The battle of Áth Duma between the Ulaid and the Uí Echach, in which Ailill son of Feidlimid fell.|
|ulster||789||Fiachna son of Aed Rón, king of Ulaid, dies.|
|ulster||789||A battle between the Ulaid themselves in which Tomaltach son of Cathal fell. Echaid was victor.|