The Hoy/Hoey family in the Irish Annals

The Irish Annals were a set of documents written in Monasteries throughout Ireland starting around 600 AD. Like the Bible, the oldest versions are lost, but we have copies made for a period of 1,000 years until the last and most complete was finished in 1636. Before, and even after that, many of the copies were destroyed due to the occupation of the country by foreigners.

This page is a collection of the entries that refer to the surname Hoy in its various forms which changed through time. The earliest is for the year 1019 and the last for 1208. Before that, the surname did not exist, but the genealogy of the family is well documented and it is these men who are recorded in the Annals.

The death of Muireadhach in 489 is considered the first reliable event, but not the date. Saint Patrick lived with him and later with his sons Eochaidh and Cairell.

The earliest spelling of the surname is Ua hEochadha where Ua means 'descendant of'. Eochadha and later Eochaidh (Owey) were a popular a king's names (our Eochaidh died in 1004) meaning Steedlike. "The genealogy of all the Dál Fiatach is filled with the name Eochu (Horse-God or Horse-Like), and its modern form (Eochaidh)" - from Eochu is cognate with the latin word for horse, equus.

In the census of 1651, O'Hoy is listed as a principle surname in mid-Louth, while in late 18th century baptisms, it is always written Hoy. Starting after 1800, it came to be written Hoey which is now the most common in Ireland.

There are eight Annals listed here. For all of them, the earlier the date, the more accurate the entry. The entries before the time of Christ were attempts by the monks to join Irish history with Jewish and Greek history and cannot be taken as true, but may have some worth.

ulster790A great slaughter of the Ulaid by the Dál nAraidi.
ulster801A battle between the Ulaid and the Uí Echach Cobha, in which Echu son of Ailill, king of Cuib, fell, and on the opposing side in battle Cairell son of Cathal fell; and his army was victorious.
ulster809The invasion of Ulaid by Aed son of Niall, as a result of the profanation of Patrick's shrine to the dishonour of Dúnchú.
ulster809A battle among the Ulaid between two sons of Fiachna. Cairill was victor. Echaid escaped.
ulster810Cathnia, abbot of Dam Liac, and Tigernach, founder of Daire Meilli, abbot of Cell Achaid, and Mael Fothartaig son of Aedgal, superior of Airecal Do-Chiaróc, scribe, Cathal son of Fiachra, king of Ráith Airthir and Fir Chúl, and Echaid son of Fiachna, king of Ulaid, and Mael Dúin son of Donngal, steward of Ard Macha, Anluan son of Conchobor, king of Aidne, Mac Coirb son of Neuter, and Cellach grandson of Cú Chodaig, died.
chroniconscotorum811A slaughter of the heathens by the Ulaid.
ulster811A slaughter of the heathens by the Ulaid.
ulster819A skirmish between the Ulaid themselves, in which Cairell son of Fiachna fell and Muiredach son of Eochu was victor.
chroniconscotorum824The Ulaid inflicted a rout on the heathens in Mag Inis, in which very many fell.
ulster825The Ulaid inflicted a rout on the heathens in Mag Inis, in which very many fell.
chroniconscotorum827It was Artri son of Conchobar that was successor of Patrick at that time; he was uterine brother to the king of Airgialla, i.e. Cumascach son of Cathal. The short of it is, the kings assemble their armies and the battle of Leth Cam in Mag Enir is given by
ulster827The battle of Leth Cam won by Niall son of Aed against the Uí Chremthainn and Muiredach son of Echaid, king of Ulaid, in which fell Cumuscach and Congalach, two sons of Cathal, and many other kings of the Airgialla.
inisfallen835Kl. Indrechtach, son of Tomaltach, one of the two kings of Ulaid, [dies].
ulster835Cinaed son of Niall son of Aed was killed by the Ulaid.
chroniconscotorum839Muiredach son of Echaid, king of Ulaid, was killed by his own kinsmen, i.e. by Aed and Óengus, and others.
fragments851Kl. A royal gathering of the men of Ireland in Ard Macha, between Máel Sechlainn and Matudán, king of Ulaid, and Diarmait and Fethgna with the congregation of Patrick, and Suairlech of Indeidnén with the clergy of Mide.
fragments852At this time Zain, one of the two kings of the Norwegians, and Matudán, king of Ulaid, came to ravage the Danes on sea and land; although Zain the Norwegian had not known about that before, he came, along with the small number who had accompanied him, to
chroniconscotorum853Cathal son of Tomaltach, one of two kings of Ulaid, was killed by the Norsemen.
ulster853Cathmal son of Tomaltach, one of two kings of Ulaid, was killed by the Norsemen.
fragments855A raid by Áed son of Niall to plunder Ulaid, but nevertheless he did not accomplish that easily, for the Ulaid routed Cenél Eógain, and Flaithbertach son of Niall and Conacán son of Colmán were slain there, along with many others.

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